The Role of Water in Human Metabolism & Performance

ImageAside from water being classified as an essential nutrient, I feel that it deserves special attention due to the fact that most people underestimate its importance in human nutrition.  One interesting fact is that the human body can survive for up to five weeks without protein, carbohydrates and/or fats, and only five days without water.

Rarely do we ever see an adequate water intake included as part of an individual’s regular dietary regime.  In fact, it has been determined that 75% of the American population is chronically dehydrated with further speculation that this finding likely applies to half the world population.

As far as the genders are concerned, it should be noted that although men have a higher percentage of water contained in their bodies than women (primarily due to a higher lean body mass) it does not make the water requirements for women any less important than those for men.

Although people normally drink water in order to satisfy the thirst drives brought on by neural innervation, there are other instances (especially before, during and after strenuous exercise) when water intake should be strongly considered.

Water performs three important biological functions in the human body: it provides structure and form to the body also known as its tugor; it provides the fluid environment both intracellularly required for normal cell metabolism and water regulates the temperature of the body.

Water can be supplied to the body by actually drinking water and other beverages high in water content such as tea and coffee, preformed water contained in foods, especially low calorie fruits and vegetables such as melons, strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, etc. and metabolic water which is a by product of cellular oxidation.

More about Water and Human Performance…next time!

Just a reminder…When it comes to achieving optimal health, fitness and performance, the INTRAFITT Program is second to none because its concepts and applications favorably impact each and every aspect of our triune existence (mind, body & spirit).  This simply means that not only will you feel, look and perform at your very best on a physical level, you will also achieve a heightened ability in your cognitive thinking as well! Send me an email with any questions:

PS- Take advantage of our Fit & Lean Forever Program on special now.  Use finallyfit for $99 discount.  It’s only $.27 a day with 365 day access to all your meal plans and exercise protocols.  You can even talk to me if you wish.

In health & honor,
Will Smith aka/Thunder of the American Gladiator days


There goes the alarm. You wake up with coffee and juice, get the kids off to school and head for work where your agenda is already filled with projects or meetings. After the morning dash comes long hours behind a desk, in front of a computer, in the car or out at the work site. By midmorning, your blood sugar is so low that you’re craving food loaded with sugar and fat. By remarkable coincidence, the vending machine, canteen or a box of donuts that one of your colleagues picked up on the way to work is calling your name. Then it’s lunchtime, a meal many of us skip altogether, or turn into a business meeting. After a day like this, it’s no surprise that many of us consume our entire day’s calories at night, which is usually the only time of day when our stress level is lower and/or we feel like we have the time to sit down and enjoy a meal. In fact, many of us associate relaxation with eating and/or snacking on high-calorie, high-fat foods before, during, and after dinner.

Fortunately, inside the new millennium, we see more and more people rejecting this routine and taking responsibility for their health through better nutrition and regular exercise. But how is it possible to incorporate good nutrition and fitness into a schedule like this?

Plan, Plan, Plan!

Remember, If You Fail To Plan, You Plan To Fail; It all begins with placing your nutrition and exercise program at the top of your priority list and then learning how to use those excellent organizational and time-management skills that you use at work to plan your healthy life?

Stress and Disease

Many of us put off good eating and exercise habits because we feel our lives are often times to hectic to try and change or add anything to our already busy schedules. The fact is, unless we learn how to eat and exercise optimally, each day, our lives (much like a “positive feedback cycle) will only become more difficult to manage and deal with as our minds and bodies continue to deteriorate. Thousands of scientific studies have shown a direct relationship between increased levels of stress, impaired thinking and judgment, decreased physical and mental conduct and poor eating habits. Consequently, chronic and degenerative diseases continue to rise as our desire and level of commitment to do anything about it steadily declines.

Optimal Fuel For Optimal Performance

Think of your body as a High Performance Race car. If you want it to perform (strength, speed, endurance, sexual drive etc…) you need to feed and train it optimally every day! Unfortunately, in our society, medications and supplements have become known and recognized as a convenient replacement for “Primary Nutrition” when in fact these products taken over a period of time have been shown to have more related side effects than the disease and symptoms they are being used to treat. Viagra and other OTC (over the counter) sexual aids for example are really nothing more than an expensive and perhaps dangerous replacement for eating the correct amount of nutrients and engaging in regular strength training and cardiovascular exercise.

So What’s The Answer?

Some would say “discipline” however the answer truly is knowledge, planning, and application. Sound’s simple and in fact it is. If you knew exactly how, what and when to eat and exercise each day in order to reprogram your body to be fit and lean for the rest of your life, chances are you would feel more compelled to do just that. (click here to learn how) If however, you simply cannot make the commitment to change your eating and exercise habits at this point in your life for whatever reason, there are other health alternatives that you can integrate right away that will certainly begin to improve =your body’s Health, Fitness and Performance!

Nutrient Dense Foods

Even if you don’t have time to learn the applications associated with optimal eating habits, you can at least learn and apply basic nutrition protocol such as lowering your fat intake and increasing your fiber intake. Eating lean or low fat protein foods such as skim milk, low fat or nonfat cheese, low-fat yogurt, lean beef, ham, turkey, chicken and tuna as well as high-fiber carbohydrates such as whole-grain cereals, beans, breads, fruits and vegetables will immediately begin to enhance your body’s performance!. These foods provide staying power because they take longer to digest, thus releasing energy into the body slowly.

Plan Alternatives

When you eat nutrient -dense foods during the day, you are unlikely to be as hungry at night, and will therefore be more satisfied with a lighter dinner. To get into this routine, try the following guidelines and suggestions and see if you don’t begin to perform better immediately:

  • Find low-fat, high-protein foods in single serving packages.
  • Keep convenient primary nutrition available at all times in your office or car
  • Check your vending machine for acceptable choices such as low-fat snacks (baked chips, pretzels etc…)
  • At business meetings, offer bagels with low-fat cream cheese as an alternative to donuts.
  • Keep small cans of V-8 juice, water packed tuna and tiny applesauce containers in your desk or with you at work in a thermal food bag.
  • Low-fat microwave popcorn and pretzels are favorite afternoon snacks, and fruit is the original fast food.
  • Organize what you’ll eat for the week by purchasing foods you need on a weekend shopping trip. Then keep them handy.
  • Cook on weekends and freeze one-serving portions to take with you for lunch. Pasta salads with steamed vegetable and fat-free dressings keep well in the refrigerator for a few days.
  • Eat a high-fiber breakfast of whole-grain cereal with skim milk, or make a fruit smoothie with a high-grade protein powder and yogurt as a liquid breakfast.
  • Bring your own bagel with a yogurt or fat-free cottage cheese with fruit (pineapple) to work when you have to skip breakfast at home.
  • Other easy items are fat-free crackers, string cheese, turkey or beef jerky, or Gobble Sticks.
  • When you are stuck at a fast-food restaurant, choose food items that are low in fat and order salads with chicken or beans along with a low-fat dressing choice.
  • After work, remember that, although alcohol is a carbohydrate, it can only be used and metabolized by the liver. With time, planning your meal for work will become second nature. Most people find it helpful to actually schedule their snacks and meals into their daily calendar just as they would an important meeting.

Add Exercise

Use your lunchtime to walk or work out, then eat wholesome nutrient-dense foods at break times. There are many compact inexpensive pieces of home equipment you can use in front of the TV after the kids are in bed, such a slide board, home step or an aerobics video. As you continue to exercise, your muscle mass will increase, which will speed up your metabolic rate. Remember that muscle tissue burns calories, while fat tissue is stored calories. Don’t watch the scale to determine your progress, instead, monitor your energy and strength levels and pay attention to how your clothes fit.

In Summary

If you can apply all of the organizational skills and qualities that have made you successful in your work environment to your daily eating and exercise habits, you will find that achieving and maintaining Health, Fitness and Performance is really nothing more than “Planning Your Nutrition”.

Be sure to visit me at our website: or email me anytime at!  I would especially like to hear from you if you are trying to reconcile diabetes or any other health-related disease! You can also pick up your individualized nutrition plan on our site.

In strength and honor,

William Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

For Health, Fitness & Performance…Lesson #1

Dear Friends, yesterday I suggested to you that the most important thing you could do to begin to be fit and lean for life is to stabilize your blood sugar.  Well, allow me to explain further:


Lesson #1:

Stable Blood Sugar is “The Limiting Factor” associated with the Acquisition and Maintenance of Any and All Health, Fitness and Performance Related Goals!”

No matter what your Health, Fitness and/or Performance related goals happen to be, you must first learn how to achieve and maintain stable blood sugar from the time you wake up in the morning until the time you go to bed at night! Why?! The answer is simple. Your brain and nervous system is considered the “Paramount” regulatory system of your body. This simply means that every organ, system and cell in your body is directly controlled and influenced by your brain and nervous system.

What makes this process so unique is the fact that the nerve cells (also referred to as “neurons”) that comprise the nervous system can only use glucose (also referred to as “blood sugar” which is derived primarily from the carbohydrates in your meals throughout the day), as a source of fuel to power its minute by minute vital need for energy. Consequently, if your blood sugar levels rise above or fall below the normal values (80mg/dl – 120 mg/dl) needed to maintain optimal neurological performance, your ability to think, walk, talk and control your emotions will be immediately compromised! This is to say nothing of the fact that when your blood sugar is erratic, every psycho-physiological system in your body is being programmed to work as inefficiently as possible; therefore accelerating and exacerbating the following processes:

Systemic fat storage, Loss of lean body mass, Fat burning enzymes and metabolism, Hyperinsulinemia, Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertension just to name a few!


All INTRAFITT Online / Custom Nutrition and Exercise Programs are Fully Designed to Enable You to Achieve and Maintain Stable Blood Sugar by Providing You with the:

Proper Number of Calories (per meal), The Proper Nutrient Ratio (per meal) and The Proper Meal Intervals That You Will Need to Maintain on a Day to Day Basis to Ensure Your Immediate and Long Term Success!

To Learn More about the 6 Elemenst of Fitness or to Access a Complimentary Nutrition & Fitness Assessment visit us at

 If you would Like To Speak with a Certified INTRAFITT Technician, Simply Email us at or call toll free 888.212.6622.


In strength and honor,
William Smith, aka (Thunder of the American Gladiators)

National Health Survey Results

Finally, a Scientifically Based Nutrition & Exercise Program Created to Retract all of the Misleading Testimonials, Wrong Headed Concepts and Most Importantly the Central Dogma That has for Years So Tightly Bound the Industry of Human Health,
Fitness and Performance.

I was recently reading through a Nutrition Journal and found this article that I wanted to share with all of you:

The researchers, from the National Cancer Institute and the National Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, examined 2001-2004 NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) data including 16,338 individuals’ dietary habits.

They found that more than 80 percent of those aged 71 and above, and more than 90 percent of all other age groups of both sexes, overconsumed discretionary calories – those that come from solid fats, added sugars and alcohol. A majority did not meet MyPyramid recommendations for every food group except total grains and meat and beans, the researchers found.

“Nearly everyone” failed to meet recommendations for dark green vegetables, orange vegetables, legumes, and whole grains, which were the groups with the lowest adherence to recommendations.

“In conclusion, nearly the entire US population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation’s diet in crisis,” the authors wrote.

Young adults were most likely to fall short of recommendations for fruits, milk and oils, and those aged 31 to 50 were most likely to drink too much alcohol.

The authors did not examine energy balance in their research, but they wrote that nutrient-poor energy sources seemed to be displacing nutrient-rich ones.

“The poor quality of Americans’ diets evident from this analysis is consistent not only with high rates of obesity and overweight but also food insecurity, which is characterized by compromises in diet quality and variety,” they wrote.

Moreover, the researchers applied their findings to the US food supply, which they said has oversupplied solid fats, added sugars, and sodium, and undersupplied fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and milk over at least the past several decades.

“The stark contrasts observed between the diets of Americans as well as the US food supply and current dietary guidance underscore the need for individual- and environmental-level interventions to facilitate healthier dietary intake patterns,” the authors concluded. “Without such interventions, the diets of most U.S. adults and children will continue to be markedly divergent from recommendations, a worrisome state in the context of the obesity epidemic and alarming rates of other diet-related chronic diseases.”

Source: The Journal of Nutrition

140: 1832–1838, 2010

“Americans Do Not Meet Federal Dietary Recommendations”

Any questions on diet, nutrition, or exercise protocol, please contact me at

Looking forward to hearing from you.

In good health and honor,

William Smith (President/INTRAFITT Ent.) 

Cholesterol…The Derived Fat

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

The concern with eating a lot of saturated fats is the related cholesterol content associated with these foods (egg yolks, butter, cream, beef, etc.).  Although cholesterol has received as much bad press as dietary fats, it is a much-needed substance by the body; so much so, that the liver is capable of manufacturing fifty trillion molecules of this compound per second.  Cholesterol is a fatty like substance which belongs to a group of fats known as sterols or steroids, and unlike most lipids is a precursor to all the steroid hormones such as testosterone, cortisone and even vitamin D.  Although the body can produce its own cholesterol from components of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids, the rate of biosynthesis can be altered by the amount of dietary cholesterol, carbohydrates and saturated fats eaten.  In other words, when the intake of dietary cholesterol increases, cholesterol biosynthesis in the liver is reduced.  This is similar to the “down regulation” and “negative feedback” properties associated with hormone production in the body.  In other words, when the body is receiving adequate amounts of cholesterol through the diet, hepatic formation is reduced.  If on the other hand, dietary cholesterol is restricted beyond that the body feels is necessary, intrahepatic enzymes will activate the synthesis of endogenous cholesterol in order to supply the cells of the body with this intrinsic compound.  It is because of this homeostatic ability by the liver that it may be difficult to control serum cholesterol levels through dietary efforts alone.

Be sure to visit me at our website: or email me anytime at!  I would especially like to hear from you if you are trying to reconcile diabetes or any other health-related disease!

In strength and honor,

Will Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

The Adverse Effects of Inactivity

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

The Adverse Effects of Inactivity

 It should now be clear that regular and consistent prolonged exercise performed at a moderate level of intensity is intrinsically involved in favorably altering the body’s chemistry.  Unfortunately, when regular and consistent exercise is not maintained, unfavorable biochemical changes are likely to occur.  Insulin  Resistance (the inability of the cells of the body to take up and use glucose efficiently) for example, is a condition that may result from years of inactivity combined with poor eating habits.  Although insulin is a hormone that is essential to live, prolonged and excess exposure to the peripheral tissues can actually inhibit lipolysis and accelerate fat stores within the body.  In fact, laboratory experiments have shown that animals injected with insulin became fatter even with no extra eating involved.

People suffering from insulin resistance may often encounter symptoms associated with hypoglycemia such as sugar cravings and lethargy because the glucose is not being used efficiently in their bodies.  In order to compensate for this metabolic aberration, the pancreatic cells will  often over-secrete insulin in an attempt to force the much-needed glucose into the target cells.  As a result, hyperinsulinemia can initiate two processes that may occur simultaneously:

1.  An increase of blood plasma lipogenesis (conversion of blood glucose to blood lipids).
2.  Non-reactive hypoglycemia resulting in unacceptably low levels of blood sugar, thus creating extreme hunger, lethargy, and acute headaches.

Most people who have extremely high levels of body fat usually have some degree of insulin resistance, which may predispose these individuals toward type II diabetes.  Insulin resistance can be exacerbated by inactivity, loss of lean tissue and as mentioned earlier, being extremely overweight.  In order to control the amount of insulin secreted by the body, proper diet and exercise must become a regular part of day-to-day activities.

Visit us any time at to reprogram your body to be fit and lean for life.  Learn about our certification programs and lots of additional information available on our site.

In honor and strength,

Will Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

Email me any time at

Incomplete Protein-Vegetarian Approach

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

Picking up where we left off on incomplete proteins, consider the conventional vegetarian approach which requires the combining of two or more incomplete proteins in order to acquire the necessary essential amino acids needed to achieve a complete protein, such as rice and beans.  Lets assume that a vegetarian has dietary recommendations consisting of approximately three hundred and fifty calories, twenty grams of complete protein, eight grams of fat and forty-eight grams of carbohydrates at each of four meals throughout the day. Ffirst of all in order to obtain twenty grams of complete protein he/she will have to combine foods such as grains, seeds, nuts, vegetables and legumes.  If rice and beans happened to be his/her choice, what would be the proper ration of rice and beans necessary to provide a biologically acceptable amino acid profile and that would be properly  assimilated within his/her body?  Additionally, how much extra protein would need to be ingested due to the B.V. (biological value) and/or N.P.U. (net protein utilization) associated with these two foods?

1.5 oz rice                 = 150 CALS = 3 g Protein = 33 g Carbs and 0 fat
1.5 oz black beans = 146 CALS = 10g Protein= 26 g Carbs and 0 fat

It appears as though it may be difficult to comply with the above suggested parameters given the fact that in order to obtain twenty grams of complete protein at each meal, the individual would most likely exceed the recommended calorie guidelines.  Additionally a fat rich food source such as olive oil may need to be added in order to achieve the recommended fat intake.  This in itself would significantly increase the total calorie content of the meal well over the recommended guidelines.  The final concern with this dietary approach relates to the carbohydrate ratio of the meal, which appears to be disproportionately high.  As previously discussed, carbohydrates have the most significant effect on blood sugar and the insulin response.  A meal such as this may promote an unfavorable hormonal response due to the inadequacy of dietary fats and available high quality complete protein.

In health and honor,
William “Billy” Smith, Thunder of the American Gladiators

Visit us at for your individual nutrition and exercise program.  Learn how to be fit and lean for life!  Contact me any time at