What Exactly is a Fatty Acid?

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

Very simply put, a fatty acid is a chain of carbon atoms bound covalently to hydrogen atoms.  The primary factor in determining whether a fat is classified as being saturated or unsaturated is the ratio of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids contained in a particular fat.  In other words, the predominant fatty acids contained in saturated fats are saturated fatty acids.  As mentioned previously, saturated fats are primarily derived from animal food sources such as cheese, cream, butter and beef. 
 
Just as there are amino acids that are essential to the body, there are fatty acids that are essential as well.  These include Linoleic Acid, Linolenic Acid, and Arachidonic Acid.  Considering the term “essential” is defined as 1) a nutrient that the body cannot manufacture and 2) the absence of the nutrient leads to a deficiency or diseased state.  Linoleic acid is technically the only true essential fatty acid because it is characteristic of both of these categories.  Although the body cannot manufacture linolenic acid, it has not yet been determined whether or not its deficiency will cause a diseased state.  Arachidonic acid cannot be manufactured by the body either, however, it can be synthesized from linoleic acid.  In the event conditions for the synthesis of arachidonic acid do not permit, skin disorders will most likely occur.
 
IMPORTANT FUNCTIONS OF LINOLEIC ACID INCLUDE:
  • Maintaining Capillary and Cell Membrane Integrity
  • Formulation of Cholesterol Esters
  • Regulation of Serum Cholesterol
  • Blood Clotting Regulation
  • Providing Precursor to Super Hormones also known as the eicosanoids

In Health & Honor,

Will Smith/Thunder of the American Gladiators

Please contact me at gladiator@intrafitt.com and visit us at www.intrafitt.com

 

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Some Must Know Facts about Diabetes

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

Dear Friends,

I have come across a couple of articles that relate to health and diabetes
that I find absolutely fascinating; not because it is good news, but rather
news that we all need to know.  As you read this and think – well I am not
obese or even overweight so it doesn’t apply to me — then think again.  
This is really an indictment of our total food supply and our way of life.

——————————————————————————–

The first is an article carried by (Reuters)- It ran in the LA Times on July 7, 2011.
By Lisa Baertlein.   Some of the excerpts are:

The number of obese US adults rose in 16 states last year, helping to push obesity
rates in a dozen states above 30 %…

While the number of states showing significant year-over-year increases in obesity
has been slowing NO STATE CHALKED UP AN ACTUAL DECLINE.

“Today’s state with the lowest adult obesity rate would have had the highest rate in
1995″ said Jeff Levi, executive director of the Trust for America’s Health.

Four years ago, only one US state had an adult obesity rate above 30 per cent,
according to the report, which defines adult obesity as having a body mass index
– a weight to height ratio — of 30 or more.

Over the last two decades, people in the US have been eating less nutritious food
and more of it.  At the same time, activity levels have fallen, Levi said.

In the United States — where two-thirds of adults and nearly one-third of children
are obese or overweight — the obesity epidemic is sending healthcare costs higher
and threatening everything from worker productivity to military recruitment.

The report released on Thursday showed that over the past 15 years, seven states
have doubled their rate of obesity and 10 states have doubled their rate of diabetes.

I urge you to check our website at www.intrafitt.com for your personalized nutrition program.  All accessible on line in the comfort of your own home/office.  Email me with any questions at :
info@intrafitt.com

In strength and honor,

William Smith, aka/Thunder of the American Gladiator 

DIETARY FATS…

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

Dietary fat is perhaps the most complex of the three energy nutrients in terms of its diversity and function in human metabolism.  In order to truly understand the role that this essential nutrient plays in health, fitness and performance, it is important to understand the varying types of dietary fat as well as the different biological forms of fat that is stored and used within the body.  To begin our discussion, lets review some of the reasons why fat has received so much bad press over the last decade.  As mentioned earlier, the United States currently has the highest incidence of obesity compared to any other country in the world.  Furthermore, heart disease, diabetes and colon cancer as well as a number of other chronic and degenerative diseases have continued to escalate among the American population.  Due to the prevalence of these alleged preventable diseases, health organizations such as the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society have produced a number of reports to help educate people about the risk factors associated with the excessive consumption of certain types of dietary fats.

Interestingly enough, there is now a considerable amount of controversy among the scientific community as to whether or not problems such as high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes and obesity are truly a direct result of consuming and/or over consuming dietary fat, sugar, or a combination of both.

So, should we eliminate fats completely? 
Aside from the many reasons that we have been told to minimize and/or avoid the use of fats, there are just as many reasons, if not more, to consider re-introducing them into our regular meal plans  For example, not only are lipids (fats) necessary for the absorption of the fat soluble vitamins, A, D, E, & K, they also help to regulate and control blood sugar (by controlling the emptying time of the stomach), and help to prolong a satisfied feeling of fullness after a meal.

You may ask what other benefits do dietary fats provide.   Well, in our next column  we will begin discussing the different types of dietary fats and the characteristics they possess.

In health and honor,
William Smith aka/Thunder

TO REPROGRAM YOUR BODY TO BE FIT AND LEAN FOR LIFE………..visit our website at www.intrafitt.com
Contact me with any questions to gladiator@intrafitt.com

Till next time……………….remember your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit and is on loan only.

 

 

The Vegetarian Diet for Health, Fitness and Performance

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

It is important to realize that people choose to follow vegetarian diets for a variety of reasons.  Many individuals today have taken a humane approach to diet and have opted to eliminate any and all animal products from their meal plans.  These individuals are referred to as Strict Vegans and obtain their nutrients from cereals, nuts, seeds, plants, grains and vegetables.  Others to a lesser extent feel that the consumption of animal derived foods such as eggs are an acceptable alternative; these individuals are known as Ovovegetarians.  The Lactovegetarian is one who will consume dairy products such as mild cheese and yogurt on a regular basis.  The Ovolactovegetarian consumes eggs and dairy products as part of their vegetarian approach.

Perhaps the most common approach to a vegetarian lifestyle is the Semivegetarian who for a variety of reasons has decided to eliminate all red meat while maintaining a diet that includes chicken, turkey and fish.  Finally, there are Pescovegetarians who eat fish but not poultry as part of their vegetarian regime.  No matter what the reasons are behind these dietary decisions, it is the responsibility of the nutrition and fitness specialist to understand the benefits and adversities related to these eating regimens, as nutrient deficiencies may occur if the diet is not properly planned.  As is the case with the strict-vegan, vitamin D and B12 may be deficient in the diet since these vitamins are not found in plants and vegetables.  Therefore, the strict vegan will need to consume products such as soy milk or a breakfast cereal that is fortified with vitamin D and B12.  Another alternative would be to use a dietary supplement. 

Mineral deficiencies such as iron, calcium and zinc may also occur in the strict vegan’s diet.  During the digestion of certain plant foods, compounds known as phytates and oxalates may form and bind to these minerals preventing them from being absorbed properly into the body.  As a result, plant foods rich in these particular minerals should be consumed on a regular basis and can be obtained from foods such as nuts, beans, broccoli, cabbage, whole wheat bread, peas and corn.

In strength and honor,
William “Billy” Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

For your individual nutrition and exercise program, visit us at www.intrafitt.com
What is INTRAFITT?

Unlike all other commercial and independent diet and exercise programs in the world that encourage you to cut calories and increase your daily activity in an effort to promote weight loss (through a negative calorie balance) so that when you eventually gain all of the weight back; you will need to repeat the entire process again and again and again!  INTRAFITT (INTRA-Cellular Fitness) is a comprehensive Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Program designed to teach you exactly How, What, When and Why to Eat, Exercise and Channel your Thoughts in order to achieve stable blood sugar and promote a favorable hormonal response.  This process in of itself directly influences the physchoneuroendocrinoimmunological (Psycho-Neuro-Endocrino-Immunological) system of the body to promote the efficient wasting of excess energy (stored body fat) while simultaneously accelerating the synthesis of new biological proteins and lean body mass which inadvertently increases the metabolic rate thus making it virtually impossible for the body to store fat ever again!

 While this may seem like a mouthful…it is a fact!  “The INTRAFITT Program and Curriculum has NO Equal and is without question a program and curriculum that every living, breathing individual desiring to live life to the fullest should participate in!  There are NO Exceptions to this Rule!

What Percentage of Our Meals should Be Made Up of Carbs?

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

In order to achieve optimal levels of health, fitness and performance, a carbohydrate intake of approximately 50 – 60% of an individual’s recommended dietary calories should be maintained.  Although the range of these percentages seems insignificant, the hormonal effects produced when eaten in the proper ratio with dietary protein and fat can be quite influential and have a powerful impact on the regulatory systems that directly affect metabolism.  Keep in mind that, as with all nutrients, the specific amount needed from one person to the next is entirely based on individual metabolic variables, environmental stressors and behavioral factors.

Visit us at www.intrafitt.com so you too, can have your own individualized nutrition and exercise program.  Get fit for life eating whole, natural foods.  No potions, pills or shots!

In health and honor,
William Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

PS-Join us on Sundays at 10:00 AM (EST) at www.wbt.com for our new radio show.  Give us a call and ask any nutrition question that you have been pondering for decades or since yesterday!

Fiber vs Fat: The Regulation of Digestion and Blood Sugar

William Smith is the President / CEO and Founder of the INTRAFITT Corporation which was established in California in 1992. Will has won more than twenty-eight bodybuilding championships and is also known for his role as “THUNDER” on television’s American Gladiator between 1990 – 1992. He is a National and International Speaker on Performance Nutrition and Exercise Science.

Among other benefits, dietary fiber has also been shown to actually slow the rate of digestion, which in itself can have a number of independent health implications.  For many years now, dietary fats have played an integral role in therapeutic and performance nutrition as a regulatory agent in the process of digestion.  The inhibitory effect that dietary fats have on the release of hydrochloric acid has been shown to prolong the emptying time of the stomach, therefore increasing satiety while controlling the rate at which food enters the blood stream via the liver.  As presented in the article entitled “Insulin Resistance: A New Paradigm for Medical Nutrition Therapy and Nutrition Education”, by  the American Dietetic Association in 1995 Fall Volume of SCAN’s Pulse, it was suggested that dietary fat should make up no less than 20% of the total calories at each meal in order to encourage satiety and to help manage postprandial hyperinsulinemia and associated dyslipidemia.  This concept has caused a considerable amount of controversy regarding the pros and cons of consuming dietary fats.

Although dietary fiber may not exert the same actions on the digestive process as dietary fats, fiber has been shown to slow the process of digestion and even decrease the rate of intestinal absorption therefore helping to regulate the release of insulin and its consequential effects on blood sugar.

In regards to how much fiber should be included in your diet, the recommended fiber intake per day is 20-35 grams in a ratio of 3:1 water-insoluble to water-soluble.  Furthermore, as with all other nutrients, fiber intake should be derived from whole natural foods and not synthetic products such as those found in over the counter dietary fiber supplements and laxatives.

Here is a list of some fiber rich foods to include in your daily diet: freeze-dried parsley, lima beans (dried), All Bran, red kidney beans, garbanzo beans, plain popped corn, oats, split peas, lentils, dried figs, whole wheat crackers, dried prunes, light rye toast, whole wheat, apples, baked potatoes with skin and lettuce.

Visit us on the web at www.intrafitt.com 

Who are we? 

INTRAFITT (INTRA-Cellular Fitness) is a comprehensive Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Program designed to teach you exactly How, What, When and Why to eat and exercise in order to completely and entirely “Re-Program” your Mind, Body & Spirit to be Fit, Healthy and Strong for Life!

In health and honor,
William Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

Dietary Fiber

Although technically not a nutrient, dietary fiber has recently been referred to as the seventh essential nutrient due to the number of health implications associated with this compound.  For example, after ingestion, dietary fiber, particularly Water-Insoluble Fiber has a tendency to hold water, therefore, adding bulk to the food particles or residues that may not have been absorbed in the small intestine.  This bulking action increases stool volume and weight by as much as 40%-100% and has been linked to a possible cleansing effect on the surface of the intestinal wall and colon by diluting harmful chemicals or by neutralizing their activity and therefore reducing the chances of contracting colon cancer and other gastrointestinal disorders.  Water-Soluble Fibers on the other hand (such as oatmeal) have a greater tendency to bind with various substances such as carcinogens (cancer causing agents) in the GI tract and bile salts, which are manufactured in the liver and which contain cholesterol.  Bile salts are often times reabsorbed into the body however, the binding effects of water-soluble fibers have been associated with the excretion of bile salts and now have scientists believing that a diet high in Water-Soluble Fiber may lead to lower serum cholesterol levels.

As indicated, dietary fiber exists in two basic forms, Walter Soluble and Water-Insoluble.  Water-Soluble dietary fibers include Guar guns and pectins (also referred to as Mucilaginous fibers) such as those found in oatmeal, beans, peas, carrots and a variety of fruits.  Water-Insoluble fibers such as cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are found in wheat bran, corn and brown rice.

Any questions, email me at gladiator@intrafitt.com

In health and honor,
William Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

Visit us at www.intrafitt.com and get started on your own, personalized nutrition program today.  Start to reprogram your body to be fit and lean for life!

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