Principles of Endocrine Physiology…What is an Islet Cell?

The INTRAFITT Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Program was developed and established in California- 1992 in an effort to educate individuals seeking optimal levels of health, fitness and performance on the effect that diet and exercise has on the major regulatory systems of the human body (Nervous System and the Endocrine System) and their consequential effects on the Re-Programming Aspects of the Human Body.
The INTRAFITT Program concepts and applications are 100% valid and applicable and have been accepted entirely by the Scientific Community currently exploring the dual science of “Diet and Exercise Neuroendocrinology” and “P.N.E.I” (Psycho-Neuro-Endocrino-Immunology) and are supported by a myriad of abstract studies and published excerpts such as the following taken from the text book entitled Principles OF Physiology / General Principles Of Endocrine Physiology.

This text may be purchased at: http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Physiology-Robert-M-Berne/dp/0323008135

ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLET OF LANGERHANS

The “primary” pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon are two of the most powerful metabolic regulators concerning the metabolism of body fat, the maintenance of blood glucose levels and the production and maintenance of lean body proteins. As you will discover, the insulin/glucagon axis is perhaps the most important focus in the development of safe and effective weight management, health enhancement and performance nutrition programs.

The islet cells of the pancreas are composed of 60% beta cells (b-cells), the source of insulin and 25% alpha cells (acells), the source of glucagon. The remaining 15% of the islet cells secrete the peptides somatostatin, from the delta cells (d-cells) and pancreatic polypeptide from the F-cells. The strategic location of the islet cells reflect their functional role. Insulin, glucagon and the pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to incoming nutrients from the diet as well as from gastrointestinal secretions, which ultimately reflect the concurrent nutritional status of an individual.

Additionally, the location of the islet cells force their secretions into the pancreatic vein, which integrates at the hepatic portal vein and empties into the liver (the central organ in nutrient traffic).

Insulin and glucagon coordinate the direction of incoming nutrients from the diet via the hepatic portal vein. Insulin and glucagon also control and direct the flow of endogenous substrate (once it has been broken down and released), such as stored body fat, glycogen and amino acids, derived from the protein structures of the body.

Since the liver is the first organ to come in contact with insulin and glucagon (once these hormones have been released by the islet cells), it is therefore exposed to higher concentrations of these hormones, then are the peripheral tissues (muscle tissue and adipose tissue). Consequently, the liver can very efficiently modulate the release of these two hormones to the peripheral tissues, therefore allowing for more or less of the hormones to circulate throughout the body.

NOTE: Due to the liver’s high exposure to insulin, it should be clear as to why fatty deposits can develop so efficiently within the liver thus contributing to the very prevalent condition know as Fatty Liver Disease.

Because Insulin and glucagon are secreted together and act reciprocally it is perhaps more beneficial to focus on the ratio of insulin and glucagon concentration in blood plasma, rather than the absolute concentration of each hormone respectively.

You can reach me with your questions at gladiator@intrafitt.com or visit us at www.intrafitt.com

Type II Diabetes and Emotional Stress

Hi, I’m Will Smith AKA Thunder of the American Gladiators.

My interest in competing and winning championship titles began to wane as my interest in the scientific discipline of diet and exercise neuroendocrinology intensified. This particular scientific elective was initially the result of my younger brother’s diagnoses and longtime struggle with Type I Diabetes. My determination to research and develop a diet and exercise related curriculum that would improve my brother’s ability to play sports and live a normal life (while also enabling him to achieve optimal levels of health, fitness and performance, minimize the use of insulin and reduce his risk of developing further cardiovascular related diseases and complications) would eventually become my obsession and is known today as the INTRAFITT Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Program.

I’ve written this article in several parts and today I am bringing you Part 1 of the Series.

Abstract: According to the World Health Organization, approximately 220 million people worldwide have type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with type 2 diabetes not only have a chronic disease to cope with, they are also at increased risk for coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

The exact causes of type 2 diabetes are still not clear. Since the 17th century, it has been suggested that emotional stress plays a role in the etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. So far, review studies have mainly focused on depression as a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Yet, chronic emotional stress is an established risk factor for the development of depression.

The present review provides an overview of mainly prospective epidemiological studies that have investigated the associations between different forms of emotional stress and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results of longitudinal studies suggest that not only depression but also general emotional stress and anxiety, sleeping problems, anger, and hostility are associated with an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes. Conflicting results were found regarding childhood neglect, life events, and work stress. It is important to emphasize that publication-bias may have occurred, resulting from “fishing-expeditions,” where authors search their data for significant associations. Publication bias may also be caused by the tendency of reviewers and Editors to reject manuscripts with negative results for publication. It is therefore essential that research groups, who aim to conduct a new epidemiological cohort study, prospectively describe and publish the design of their study. Future research should focus on identifying mechanisms linking different forms of stress and incident type 2 diabetes.

Part 2 of this article to follow. Email me any time at gladiator@intrafitt.com

For your very own Individual Nutrition Plan click here NOW!

In good health,
Will AKA THUNDER of the American Gladiators

WHY ARE WE STILL FAT?

Image
You think you have been eating the right foods; low in fat, high in complex carbohydrates and fiber. You have even committed to exercising three, four, five, maybe even six times per week…but when you look in the mirror, you just don’t have the look you want. Well, you’re not alone.The compulsive desire of Americans to be “thin and beautiful” results in the spending of more than $50 billion dollars each year on diet programs and related products. Furthermore, for the last decade, the American population has been informed that a “healthy diet” should consist of 60% carbohydrates, 10% protein, and 30% fat. Ironically, the United States is now considered to have the highest percentage of overweight and obese individuals in the world! Is it possible that these so-called “healthy diets” combined with info-miracle weight loss programs are the very reasons why Americans are repeatedly unsuccessful at getting in shape –and more importantly staying in shape?

Let’s start with the facts!

In recent years, the Health Science Industry has uncovered an abundance of substantial and conclusive evidence indicating that the foods we eat combined with the type and amount of exercise we engage in each day has a tremendous effect on the regulatory systems of our bodies which directly control and influence the rate at which we build muscle and burn fat!

Research says the food we eat triggers a powerful hormonal response, which determines whether we burn excess body fat as fuel or store as energy. The reason high carbohydrate meals and/or snacks make losing body fat more difficult is directly related to the hormonal effects that carbohydrate rich foods have on the regulatory systems of the body! When foods rich in carbohydrates such as rice, pasta, breads, cereal, fruit, & other refined foods, are eaten in disproportionately high amounts, they encourage a tremendous release of insulin (a fat storing hormone).

One of insulin’s principle functions is to store body fat and inhibit its breakdown and release to be used as an energy source. Insulin also plays a major role in lowering blood sugar, which in turn increases sugar and food cravings, thus causing this perpetual cycle to repeat itself several times throughout the day.

The Magic Pill

It would be great to wake up some day and learn that science has revealed the “Magic Pill”…you know, the one that everybody in the world is determined to some day find enabling them to achieve the body they’ve always dreamed of. Unfortunately, this will never happen because it is not a formula or ingredient found in a pill that the body needs in order to burn fat and build muscle efficiently, it is machinery, or more specifically metabolic machinery that enables the body to breakdown fat and use it as a source of fuel. Metabolic machinery consists of INTRA-CELLULAR components such as mitochondrion, fat burning enzymes, capillaries etc.. which can only be manufactured by the body as a result of engaging in regular and consistent daily exercise combined with eating the proper amount and types of food at each meal throughout the day. This may seem like a difficult task, however, it is really very easy to do once you know how.

Individualized Nutrition & Exercise Guidelines

It is no secret that we are all individuals with very different and unique nutritional requirements, food preferences, fitness goals, etc. As a result, we each need to adhere to very specific nutrition and exercise guidelines that will enable our bodies to perform optimally on a day-to-day basis. Once we become compliant to the proper number of calories and ratio of complete protein, complex carbohydrates and healthy fats, combined with the proper amount and type of exercise, we will easily be able to achieve and maintain our desired health & fitness goals!

Reprogramming Our Bodies

Since we know there is NO MAGIC PILL and never will be, it is important to understand the reality associated with achieving and maintaining any desired health & fitness goal. The fact is, it does take time and effort to get in shape and stay in shape. If it were anything else but hard work, everybody on the planet would have the look they want!

Respect Yourself and Others Will Do The Same

If you’ve ever been in the presence of someone like Clark Bartram, Monica Brandt or some other famous athlete of fitness model, you can’t help but respect the amount of tireless effort and tenacity that these individuals put forth each day of their lives in order to achieve and maintain their desired health & fitness goals. Unlike someone who has gained a tremendous amount of wealth or fortune, athletes maintain a level of accomplishment, commitment and respect that money will never buy.

It is time to decide for yourself whether or not you want to put forth the effort necessary to achieve your ultimate health & fitness goals. If you do decide to commit, the only thing standing between you and your ultimate body is your level of compliance everything else you need in the way of information and guidance can be found at

If you decide NOT to commit, remember that yet another day of potentially looking, living and feeling better has passed you by and you may never have the chance to make it up!

In Summary

Although there are perhaps many reasons why we are still fat, there is simply NO REASON why we shouldn’t begin to optimize our eating and exercise habits so that in time, our bodies begin to reprogram themselves to be fit and lean for the rest of our lives!

Remember “Commitment is doing the very thing you said you would do long after the mood you said it in has gone!” 

Questions? Email me at gladiator@intrafitt.com  Need an individual nutrition and exercise program…visit www.intrafitt.com

In health and honor,
William Smith aka Thunder of the American Gladiator Days!

Nutrition: Are All Calories The Same?

Hi Everyone,
I wanted to continue on today talking about Nutrition in the  Simplest Form. Basically, there are six essential nutrients that the human   body requires to keep it nourished and healthy. These include Protein,   Carbohydrates, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals and Walter. The term “essential” is   used to describe these nutrients because they must be provided to the body in   order to sustain life and to prevent a deficient or diseased state. Of the   six nutrients listed, only three provide energy to the body, while the other   three help to release energy inside the cells. Typically, these two   categories of essential nutrients are referred to as the Macro-Nutrients (energy   providing nutrients needed by the body in larger amounts)and Micro-Nutrients (energy   releasing nutrients needed by the body in smaller amounts).

 The Macro-Nutrients, when metabolized provide energy and   heat, which are used to support all of the metabolic functions (heart   beat, digestion, muscle contraction, concentration and comprehension) of   the body and mind. The fuel potential of the energy nutrients is expressed   in calories Just as a meter is a measure of distance, a calorie   is a measure of energy and is defined as the amount of heat needed to raise   one milliliter of water one degree centigrade. Therefore foods that are high   in calories (dried fruits and nuts) are also high in energy, whereas foods   that are low in calories (strawberries, melons and vegetables) are low in   energy as well. Perhaps this is one reason why people who eat low-calorie   foods to lose weight have little to no energy to exercise in the course of   their day.

 You might wonder where calories are derived from. If you look   at this question from the standpoint that a calorie is defined as the total   amount of heat energy needed to raise one milliliter of water one degree   Celsius, then YES all calories when oxidized yield the same amount of heat   energy. Perhaps the question should be “are all calorie sources the   same?”

 Take for example the two individuals illustrated below. Each   individual has a recommended calorie intake of 520 calories per meal and both   eat the exact same foods within the meal. The difference however, is that   they each eat varying amounts of the food items listed and as a result end up   producing a very different endocrinological response. In other words, the   regulatory effect associated with the different amount and types of food   eaten can have a favorable or unfavorable influence on the metabolic process   and can last for three to six hours after a meal.

 Individual #1 (500 Calories per meal)

 6 oz Chicken breast: 186

7 oz Yams: 210

1 Tbs Peanut butter: 100

3 oz Broccoli 24

 Total: 520 

 

 Individual #1 (500 Calories per meal)

 8 oz Chicken breast: 248

2oz Yams: 60

2 Tbs Peanut butter: 200

1.5 oz Broccoli 12

 Total: 520 

 Now lets assume that the same two individuals perform   cardiovascular exercise for thirty minutes later that evening. As illustrated   below, Individual #1 exercises within his/her target heart rate while   Individual #2 exercises above his/her target heart rate. Although Individual   #2 likely burned more total calories than Individual #1 at the end of the   thirty minute session, they both theoretically burned the same amount of fat   calories.

 Some would argue that exercising at an intensity that is above   the recommended training sensitive zone (for fat burning) is more beneficial   because a higher number of calories are burned at the end of an equivalent   exercise duration. This is perhaps true, however, exercising at high   intensity, although may burn more calories, will more than likely train the   body to become more efficient at burning sugar than fat and may very well   promote hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) symptoms that can ensue for up to   twelve hours after the exercise session has ended. That is one of the reasons   I always recommend wearing a heart rate monitor when exercising.

 

Individual #1

Calories Burned: 1000

Fat Burned: 60% @600/cal

Sugar Burned: 40% @400/cal

 Individual #2

Calories Burned: 1500

Fat Burned: 40% @ 600/cal

Sugar Burned: 60% @900/cal

 For your own Individualized Nutrition and Exercise Program,   please visit us at www.intrafitt.com

In good health,

William Smith, AKA Thunder of the American Gladiators

PLAN YOUR DAY OR PLAN TO FAIL….STOP WASTING TIME

There goes the alarm. You wake up with coffee and juice, get the kids off to school and head for work where your agenda is already filled with projects or meetings. After the morning dash comes long hours behind a desk, in front of a computer, in the car or out at the work site. By midmorning, your blood sugar is so low that you’re craving food loaded with sugar and fat. By remarkable coincidence, the vending machine, canteen or a box of donuts that one of your colleagues picked up on the way to work is calling your name. Then it’s lunchtime, a meal many of us skip altogether, or turn into a business meeting. After a day like this, it’s no surprise that many of us consume our entire day’s calories at night, which is usually the only time of day when our stress level is lower and/or we feel like we have the time to sit down and enjoy a meal. In fact, many of us associate relaxation with eating and/or snacking on high-calorie, high-fat foods before, during, and after dinner.

Fortunately, inside the new millennium, we see more and more people rejecting this routine and taking responsibility for their health through better nutrition and regular exercise. But how is it possible to incorporate good nutrition and fitness into a schedule like this?

Plan, Plan, Plan!

Remember, If You Fail To Plan, You Plan To Fail; It all begins with placing your nutrition and exercise program at the top of your priority list and then learning how to use those excellent organizational and time-management skills that you use at work to plan your healthy life?

Stress and Disease

Many of us put off good eating and exercise habits because we feel our lives are often times to hectic to try and change or add anything to our already busy schedules. The fact is, unless we learn how to eat and exercise optimally, each day, our lives (much like a “positive feedback cycle) will only become more difficult to manage and deal with as our minds and bodies continue to deteriorate. Thousands of scientific studies have shown a direct relationship between increased levels of stress, impaired thinking and judgment, decreased physical and mental conduct and poor eating habits. Consequently, chronic and degenerative diseases continue to rise as our desire and level of commitment to do anything about it steadily declines.

Optimal Fuel For Optimal Performance

Think of your body as a High Performance Race car. If you want it to perform (strength, speed, endurance, sexual drive etc…) you need to feed and train it optimally every day! Unfortunately, in our society, medications and supplements have become known and recognized as a convenient replacement for “Primary Nutrition” when in fact these products taken over a period of time have been shown to have more related side effects than the disease and symptoms they are being used to treat. Viagra and other OTC (over the counter) sexual aids for example are really nothing more than an expensive and perhaps dangerous replacement for eating the correct amount of nutrients and engaging in regular strength training and cardiovascular exercise.

So What’s The Answer?

Some would say “discipline” however the answer truly is knowledge, planning, and application. Sound’s simple and in fact it is. If you knew exactly how, what and when to eat and exercise each day in order to reprogram your body to be fit and lean for the rest of your life, chances are you would feel more compelled to do just that. (click here to learn how) If however, you simply cannot make the commitment to change your eating and exercise habits at this point in your life for whatever reason, there are other health alternatives that you can integrate right away that will certainly begin to improve =your body’s Health, Fitness and Performance!

Nutrient Dense Foods

Even if you don’t have time to learn the applications associated with optimal eating habits, you can at least learn and apply basic nutrition protocol such as lowering your fat intake and increasing your fiber intake. Eating lean or low fat protein foods such as skim milk, low fat or nonfat cheese, low-fat yogurt, lean beef, ham, turkey, chicken and tuna as well as high-fiber carbohydrates such as whole-grain cereals, beans, breads, fruits and vegetables will immediately begin to enhance your body’s performance!. These foods provide staying power because they take longer to digest, thus releasing energy into the body slowly.

Plan Alternatives

When you eat nutrient -dense foods during the day, you are unlikely to be as hungry at night, and will therefore be more satisfied with a lighter dinner. To get into this routine, try the following guidelines and suggestions and see if you don’t begin to perform better immediately:

  • Find low-fat, high-protein foods in single serving packages.
  • Keep convenient primary nutrition available at all times in your office or car
  • Check your vending machine for acceptable choices such as low-fat snacks (baked chips, pretzels etc…)
  • At business meetings, offer bagels with low-fat cream cheese as an alternative to donuts.
  • Keep small cans of V-8 juice, water packed tuna and tiny applesauce containers in your desk or with you at work in a thermal food bag.
  • Low-fat microwave popcorn and pretzels are favorite afternoon snacks, and fruit is the original fast food.
  • Organize what you’ll eat for the week by purchasing foods you need on a weekend shopping trip. Then keep them handy.
  • Cook on weekends and freeze one-serving portions to take with you for lunch. Pasta salads with steamed vegetable and fat-free dressings keep well in the refrigerator for a few days.
  • Eat a high-fiber breakfast of whole-grain cereal with skim milk, or make a fruit smoothie with a high-grade protein powder and yogurt as a liquid breakfast.
  • Bring your own bagel with a yogurt or fat-free cottage cheese with fruit (pineapple) to work when you have to skip breakfast at home.
  • Other easy items are fat-free crackers, string cheese, turkey or beef jerky, or Gobble Sticks.
  • When you are stuck at a fast-food restaurant, choose food items that are low in fat and order salads with chicken or beans along with a low-fat dressing choice.
  • After work, remember that, although alcohol is a carbohydrate, it can only be used and metabolized by the liver. With time, planning your meal for work will become second nature. Most people find it helpful to actually schedule their snacks and meals into their daily calendar just as they would an important meeting.

Add Exercise

Use your lunchtime to walk or work out, then eat wholesome nutrient-dense foods at break times. There are many compact inexpensive pieces of home equipment you can use in front of the TV after the kids are in bed, such a slide board, home step or an aerobics video. As you continue to exercise, your muscle mass will increase, which will speed up your metabolic rate. Remember that muscle tissue burns calories, while fat tissue is stored calories. Don’t watch the scale to determine your progress, instead, monitor your energy and strength levels and pay attention to how your clothes fit.

In Summary

If you can apply all of the organizational skills and qualities that have made you successful in your work environment to your daily eating and exercise habits, you will find that achieving and maintaining Health, Fitness and Performance is really nothing more than “Planning Your Nutrition”.

Be sure to visit me at our website:  http://www.intrafitt.com/ or email me anytime at gladiator@intrafitt.com!  I would especially like to hear from you if you are trying to reconcile diabetes or any other health-related disease! You can also pick up your individualized nutrition plan on our site.

In strength and honor,

William Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

For Health, Fitness & Performance…Lesson #2 -EXERCISE

As promised, here is Lesson #2 in our series of learning How to

REPROGRAM Your Mind, Body & Spirit to be Fit, Healthy & Strong for Life!

Lesson #2: The Human Body Must be Exercised for at Least One Hour per Day, Six Days per Week at a Regulated Intensity in Order to Lower The Fat Thermostat and Accelerate the Energy Wasting Mechanisms Associated with Achieving and Maintaining a Lean, Healthy & Fit Mind, Body & Spirit for Life!”

Irregardless of what you’ve heard, read or understood about exercise and its impact on weight loss and conditioning; your body needs a minimum of one hour* of exercise everyday (at least six days/week) if you truly intend to Reprogram your mind, body & spirit to be fit, healthy & strong for life!

Think of it this way…your body is designed to move! It is the reason why we have arms, legs and a circulatory system and it is the reason why the amount of oxygen we consume directly determines how much and what type of fuel (protein, carbohydrates or fat) our bodies choose to burn throughout the day! Correspondingly, as long as your blood sugar remains stable throughout the day and you consistently engage in one hour of regulated exercise at least six days per week, your mind, body and spirit will be reprogrammed to remain strong, healthy, lean, fit and full of joy and peace! Trust me, there is nothing like it in the world.

Be sure to visit me at our website:  www.intrafitt.com or email me anytime at gladiator@intrafitt.com!  I would especially like to hear from you if you are trying to reconcile diabetes or any other health-related disease.

In strength and honor,

Will Smith/aka Thunder of the American Gladiators

For Health, Fitness & Performance…Lesson #1

Dear Friends, yesterday I suggested to you that the most important thing you could do to begin to be fit and lean for life is to stabilize your blood sugar.  Well, allow me to explain further:

IN ORDER TO REPORGRAM YOUR MIND, BODY & SPIRIT TO BE FIT, HEALTHY & STRONG FOR LIFE…HERE IS

Lesson #1:

Stable Blood Sugar is “The Limiting Factor” associated with the Acquisition and Maintenance of Any and All Health, Fitness and Performance Related Goals!”

No matter what your Health, Fitness and/or Performance related goals happen to be, you must first learn how to achieve and maintain stable blood sugar from the time you wake up in the morning until the time you go to bed at night! Why?! The answer is simple. Your brain and nervous system is considered the “Paramount” regulatory system of your body. This simply means that every organ, system and cell in your body is directly controlled and influenced by your brain and nervous system.

What makes this process so unique is the fact that the nerve cells (also referred to as “neurons”) that comprise the nervous system can only use glucose (also referred to as “blood sugar” which is derived primarily from the carbohydrates in your meals throughout the day), as a source of fuel to power its minute by minute vital need for energy. Consequently, if your blood sugar levels rise above or fall below the normal values (80mg/dl – 120 mg/dl) needed to maintain optimal neurological performance, your ability to think, walk, talk and control your emotions will be immediately compromised! This is to say nothing of the fact that when your blood sugar is erratic, every psycho-physiological system in your body is being programmed to work as inefficiently as possible; therefore accelerating and exacerbating the following processes:

Systemic fat storage, Loss of lean body mass, Fat burning enzymes and metabolism, Hyperinsulinemia, Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertension just to name a few!

NOTE:

All INTRAFITT Online / Custom Nutrition and Exercise Programs are Fully Designed to Enable You to Achieve and Maintain Stable Blood Sugar by Providing You with the:

Proper Number of Calories (per meal), The Proper Nutrient Ratio (per meal) and The Proper Meal Intervals That You Will Need to Maintain on a Day to Day Basis to Ensure Your Immediate and Long Term Success!

To Learn More about the 6 Elemenst of Fitness or to Access a Complimentary Nutrition & Fitness Assessment visit us at http://www.intrafitt.com

 If you would Like To Speak with a Certified INTRAFITT Technician, Simply Email us at successguaranteed@intrafitt.com or call toll free 888.212.6622.

I LOOK FORWARD TO HEARING FROM YOU.

In strength and honor,
William Smith, aka (Thunder of the American Gladiators)